This paper is concerned with backscattered luminous signals, coming from a particular class of dielectric spheres illuminated by a coherent source. The purpose is to measure the lateral position of the sphere serving as an optical target, to achieve an overall contactless sensor of lateral position in space. Traditional approaches and theories such as ray-tracing and Mie scattering-as implemented in dedicated software-are applied to investigate their fitness for purpose in this application. No previous literature was found dealing with this specific case. Unfortunately, our observations did not match the theories' predictions to an acceptable degree, and these approaches proved to be unsatisfactory. The rest of the paper focusses then on the development and comparison of suitable algorithms to compute the image coordinates of a representative point, which was in fact the true motivation of this work. Two original algorithms are proposed and discussed. Their robustness and repeatability are benchmarked under noisy conditions and at different distances from the target, with simulated as well as real images. Both resulted capable of sub-pixel accuracy.

High-Index Glass Ball Retroreflectors for Measuring Lateral Positions / Egidi, Andrea; Balsamo, Alessandro; Pisani, Marco. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 19:5(2019), p. 1082. [10.3390/s19051082]

High-Index Glass Ball Retroreflectors for Measuring Lateral Positions

Egidi, Andrea
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Balsamo, Alessandro
Methodology
;
Pisani, Marco
Methodology
2019

Abstract

This paper is concerned with backscattered luminous signals, coming from a particular class of dielectric spheres illuminated by a coherent source. The purpose is to measure the lateral position of the sphere serving as an optical target, to achieve an overall contactless sensor of lateral position in space. Traditional approaches and theories such as ray-tracing and Mie scattering-as implemented in dedicated software-are applied to investigate their fitness for purpose in this application. No previous literature was found dealing with this specific case. Unfortunately, our observations did not match the theories' predictions to an acceptable degree, and these approaches proved to be unsatisfactory. The rest of the paper focusses then on the development and comparison of suitable algorithms to compute the image coordinates of a representative point, which was in fact the true motivation of this work. Two original algorithms are proposed and discussed. Their robustness and repeatability are benchmarked under noisy conditions and at different distances from the target, with simulated as well as real images. Both resulted capable of sub-pixel accuracy.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2019-03 Sensors n=2 spheres.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione editoriale
Licenza: Creative Commons
Dimensione 4.33 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.33 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/60187
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact