Cardiac fibrosis is one of the main causes of heart failure, significantly contributing to mortality. The discovery and development of effective therapies able to heal fibrotic pathological symptoms thus remain of paramount importance. Micro-physiological systems (MPS) are recently introduced as promising platforms able to accelerate this finding. Here a 3D in vitro model of human cardiac fibrosis, named uScar, is developed by imposing a cyclic mechanical stimulation to human atrial cardiac fibroblasts (AHCFs) cultured in a 3D beating heart-on-chip and exploited to screen drugs and advanced therapeutics. The sole provision of a cyclic 10% uniaxial strain at 1 Hz to the microtissues is sufficient to trigger fibrotic traits, inducing a consistent fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition and an enhanced expression and production of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Standard of care anti-fibrotic drugs (i.e., Pirfenidone and Tranilast) are confirmed to be efficient in preventing the onset of fibrotic traits in uScar. Conversely, the mechanical stimulation applied to the microtissues limit the ability of a miRNA therapy to directly reprogram fibroblasts into cardiomyocytes (CMs), despite its proved efficacy in 2D models. Such results demonstrate the importance of incorporating in vivo-like stimulations to generate more representative 3D in vitro models able to predict the efficacy of therapies in patients.Developing effective treatment for cardiac fibrosis is essential. A 3D in vitro model is created by applying mechanical stimulation to human cardiac fibroblasts in a beating heart-on-chip. Mechanical stimulation induced fibrotic traits, which are prevented by anti-fibrotic drugs, but highlights the limits of a miRNA-therapy in reprogramming fibroblasts into CMs. In vivo-like stimulation in 3D models is crucial to predict efficacy.image

In Vitro Mechanical Stimulation to Reproduce the Pathological Hallmarks of Human Cardiac Fibrosis on a Beating Chip and Predict The Efficacy of Drugs and Advanced Therapies / Visone, Roberta; Paoletti, Camilla; Cordiale, Alessandro; Nicoletti, Letizia; Divieto, Carla; Rasponi, Marco; Chiono, Valeria; Occhetta, Paola. - In: ADVANCED HEALTHCARE MATERIALS. - ISSN 2192-2659. - 13:4(2024). [10.1002/adhm.202301481]

In Vitro Mechanical Stimulation to Reproduce the Pathological Hallmarks of Human Cardiac Fibrosis on a Beating Chip and Predict The Efficacy of Drugs and Advanced Therapies

Divieto, Carla;
2024

Abstract

Cardiac fibrosis is one of the main causes of heart failure, significantly contributing to mortality. The discovery and development of effective therapies able to heal fibrotic pathological symptoms thus remain of paramount importance. Micro-physiological systems (MPS) are recently introduced as promising platforms able to accelerate this finding. Here a 3D in vitro model of human cardiac fibrosis, named uScar, is developed by imposing a cyclic mechanical stimulation to human atrial cardiac fibroblasts (AHCFs) cultured in a 3D beating heart-on-chip and exploited to screen drugs and advanced therapeutics. The sole provision of a cyclic 10% uniaxial strain at 1 Hz to the microtissues is sufficient to trigger fibrotic traits, inducing a consistent fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition and an enhanced expression and production of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Standard of care anti-fibrotic drugs (i.e., Pirfenidone and Tranilast) are confirmed to be efficient in preventing the onset of fibrotic traits in uScar. Conversely, the mechanical stimulation applied to the microtissues limit the ability of a miRNA therapy to directly reprogram fibroblasts into cardiomyocytes (CMs), despite its proved efficacy in 2D models. Such results demonstrate the importance of incorporating in vivo-like stimulations to generate more representative 3D in vitro models able to predict the efficacy of therapies in patients.Developing effective treatment for cardiac fibrosis is essential. A 3D in vitro model is created by applying mechanical stimulation to human cardiac fibroblasts in a beating heart-on-chip. Mechanical stimulation induced fibrotic traits, which are prevented by anti-fibrotic drugs, but highlights the limits of a miRNA-therapy in reprogramming fibroblasts into CMs. In vivo-like stimulation in 3D models is crucial to predict efficacy.image
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Adv Healthcare Materials - 2023 - Visone - In Vitro Mechanical Stimulation to Reproduce the Pathological Hallmarks of Human.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: final published article (publisher’s version)
Licenza: Creative Commons
Dimensione 5.07 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.07 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/80659
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact