Memristive devices that rely on redox-based resistive switching mechanism have attracted great attention for the development of next-generation memory and computing architectures. However, a detailed understanding of the relationship between involved materials, interfaces, and device functionalities still represents a challenge. In this work, we analyse the effect of electrode metals on resistive switching functionalities of NbOx-based memristive cells. For this purpose, the effect of Au, Pt, Ir, TiN, and Nb top electrodes was investigated in devices based on amorphous NbOx grown by anodic oxidation on a Nb substrate exploited also as counter electrode. It is shown that the choice of the metal electrode regulates electronic transport properties of metal-insulator interfaces, strongly influences the electroforming process, and the following resistive switching characteristics. Results show that the electronic blocking character of Schottky interfaces provided by Au and Pt metal electrodes results in better resistive switching performances. It is shown that Pt represents the best choice for the realization of memristive cells when the NbOx thickness is reduced, making possible the realization of memristive cells characterised by low variability in operating voltages, resistance states and with low device-to-device variability. These results can provide new insights towards a rational design of redox-based memristive cells.

Effect of electrode materials on resistive switching behaviour of NbOx-based memristive devices / Leonetti, Giuseppe; Fretto, Matteo; Pirri, Fabrizio Candido; De Leo, Natascia; Valov, Ilia; Milano, Gianluca. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 13:1(2023), p. 17003. [10.1038/s41598-023-44110-w]

Effect of electrode materials on resistive switching behaviour of NbOx-based memristive devices

Leonetti, Giuseppe;Fretto, Matteo;Pirri, Fabrizio Candido;De Leo, Natascia;Milano, Gianluca
2023

Abstract

Memristive devices that rely on redox-based resistive switching mechanism have attracted great attention for the development of next-generation memory and computing architectures. However, a detailed understanding of the relationship between involved materials, interfaces, and device functionalities still represents a challenge. In this work, we analyse the effect of electrode metals on resistive switching functionalities of NbOx-based memristive cells. For this purpose, the effect of Au, Pt, Ir, TiN, and Nb top electrodes was investigated in devices based on amorphous NbOx grown by anodic oxidation on a Nb substrate exploited also as counter electrode. It is shown that the choice of the metal electrode regulates electronic transport properties of metal-insulator interfaces, strongly influences the electroforming process, and the following resistive switching characteristics. Results show that the electronic blocking character of Schottky interfaces provided by Au and Pt metal electrodes results in better resistive switching performances. It is shown that Pt represents the best choice for the realization of memristive cells when the NbOx thickness is reduced, making possible the realization of memristive cells characterised by low variability in operating voltages, resistance states and with low device-to-device variability. These results can provide new insights towards a rational design of redox-based memristive cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/79979
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