Exploiting technologies derived from the optical clocks community, the authors demonstrate a setup for twin-field QKD which extends the coherence times by three orders of magnitude, overcoming the main challenge towards real-world implementation.Quantum mechanics allows distribution of intrinsically secure encryption keys by optical means. Twin-field quantum key distribution is one of the most promising techniques for its implementation on long-distance fiber networks, but requires stabilizing the optical length of the communication channels between parties. In proof-of-principle experiments based on spooled fibers, this was achieved by interleaving the quantum communication with periodical stabilization frames. In this approach, longer duty cycles for the key streaming come at the cost of a looser control of channel length, and a successful key-transfer using this technique in real world remains a significant challenge. Using interferometry techniques derived from frequency metrology, we develop a solution for the simultaneous key streaming and channel length control, and demonstrate it on a 206 km field-deployed fiber with 65 dB loss. Our technique reduces the quantum-bit-error-rate contributed by channel length variations to <1%, representing an effective solution for real-world quantum communications.

Coherent phase transfer for real-world twin-field quantum key distribution / Clivati, Cecilia; Meda, Alice; Donadello, Simone; Virz(`(i)), Salvatore; Genovese, Marco; Levi, Filippo; Mura, Alberto; Pittaluga, Mirko; Yuan, Zhiliang; Shields, Andrew J.; Lucamarini, Marco; Degiovanni, IVO PIETRO; Calonico, Davide. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 13:1(2022), p. 157. [10.1038/s41467-021-27808-1]

Coherent phase transfer for real-world twin-field quantum key distribution

Cecilia Clivati
;
Alice Meda;Simone Donadello;Marco Genovese;Filippo Levi;Alberto Mura;Ivo Pietro Degiovanni;Davide Calonico
2022

Abstract

Exploiting technologies derived from the optical clocks community, the authors demonstrate a setup for twin-field QKD which extends the coherence times by three orders of magnitude, overcoming the main challenge towards real-world implementation.Quantum mechanics allows distribution of intrinsically secure encryption keys by optical means. Twin-field quantum key distribution is one of the most promising techniques for its implementation on long-distance fiber networks, but requires stabilizing the optical length of the communication channels between parties. In proof-of-principle experiments based on spooled fibers, this was achieved by interleaving the quantum communication with periodical stabilization frames. In this approach, longer duty cycles for the key streaming come at the cost of a looser control of channel length, and a successful key-transfer using this technique in real world remains a significant challenge. Using interferometry techniques derived from frequency metrology, we develop a solution for the simultaneous key streaming and channel length control, and demonstrate it on a 206 km field-deployed fiber with 65 dB loss. Our technique reduces the quantum-bit-error-rate contributed by channel length variations to <1%, representing an effective solution for real-world quantum communications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/73528
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