In this work a method based on self-mixing interferometry (SMI) is presented for probing the concentration of plasma plumes induced by multi-pulse laser ablation. An analytical model is developed to interpret the single-arm interferometric signal in terms of plasma electron number density. Its time dependence follows a power-law scaling which is determined by concurrent effects of plume accumulation and propagation. The model has been applied for the experimental study of plume formation at variable laser pulse frequencies on different materials. The plume expansion dynamics has been observed with high-speed imaging, and the SMI measurements allowed for a time-resolved estimation of the electron number density. The intrinsic advantages of the SMI technique in terms of robustness and low intrusiveness would allow for its usage as a fast diagnostic tool for the dynamical scaling of laser-induced plumes. Moreover it can be easily applied in laser-based manufacturing technologies where plasma concentration monitoring and control is important.

Time-resolved quantification of plasma accumulation induced by multi-pulse laser ablation using self-mixing interferometry / Donadello, Simone; Finazzi, Valentina; Demir, Ali Gökhan; Previtali, Barbara. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D. APPLIED PHYSICS. - ISSN 0022-3727. - 53:49(2020), p. 495201. [10.1088/1361-6463/abadc2]

Time-resolved quantification of plasma accumulation induced by multi-pulse laser ablation using self-mixing interferometry

Donadello, Simone
;
2020

Abstract

In this work a method based on self-mixing interferometry (SMI) is presented for probing the concentration of plasma plumes induced by multi-pulse laser ablation. An analytical model is developed to interpret the single-arm interferometric signal in terms of plasma electron number density. Its time dependence follows a power-law scaling which is determined by concurrent effects of plume accumulation and propagation. The model has been applied for the experimental study of plume formation at variable laser pulse frequencies on different materials. The plume expansion dynamics has been observed with high-speed imaging, and the SMI measurements allowed for a time-resolved estimation of the electron number density. The intrinsic advantages of the SMI technique in terms of robustness and low intrusiveness would allow for its usage as a fast diagnostic tool for the dynamical scaling of laser-induced plumes. Moreover it can be easily applied in laser-based manufacturing technologies where plasma concentration monitoring and control is important.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/73432
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