We present the results of 10 years of research related to the development of a Rubidium vapor cell clock based on the principle of pulsed optical pumping (POP). Since in the pulsed approach, the clock operation phases take place at different times, this technique demonstrated to be very effective in curing several issues affecting traditional Rb clocks working in a continuous regime, like light shift, with a consequent improvement of the frequency stability performances. We describe two laboratory prototypes of POP clock, both developed at INRIM. The first one achieved the best results in terms of frequency stability: an Allan deviation of σy(τ) = 1.7 × 10−13 τ−1/2, being τ the averaging time, has been measured. In the prospect of a space application, we show preliminary results obtained with a second more recent prototype based on a loaded cavity-cell arrangement. This clock has a reduced size and exhibited an Allan deviation of σy(τ) = 6 × 10−13 τ−1/2, still a remarkable result for a vapor cell device. In parallel, an ongoing activity performed in collaboration with Leonardo S.p.A. and aimed at developing an engineered space prototype of the POP clock is finally mentioned. Possible issues related to space implementation are also briefly discussed. On the basis of the achieved results, the POP clock represents a promising technology for future GNSSs.

A pulsed-Laser Rb atomic frequency standard for GNSS applications / Micalizio, S.; Levi, F.; Calosso, C. E.; Gozzelino, M.; Godone, A.. - In: GPS SOLUTIONS. - ISSN 1080-5370. - 25:3(2021). [10.1007/s10291-021-01136-9]

A pulsed-Laser Rb atomic frequency standard for GNSS applications

Micalizio, S.
;
Levi, F.;Calosso, C. E.;Gozzelino, M.;Godone, A.
2021

Abstract

We present the results of 10 years of research related to the development of a Rubidium vapor cell clock based on the principle of pulsed optical pumping (POP). Since in the pulsed approach, the clock operation phases take place at different times, this technique demonstrated to be very effective in curing several issues affecting traditional Rb clocks working in a continuous regime, like light shift, with a consequent improvement of the frequency stability performances. We describe two laboratory prototypes of POP clock, both developed at INRIM. The first one achieved the best results in terms of frequency stability: an Allan deviation of σy(τ) = 1.7 × 10−13 τ−1/2, being τ the averaging time, has been measured. In the prospect of a space application, we show preliminary results obtained with a second more recent prototype based on a loaded cavity-cell arrangement. This clock has a reduced size and exhibited an Allan deviation of σy(τ) = 6 × 10−13 τ−1/2, still a remarkable result for a vapor cell device. In parallel, an ongoing activity performed in collaboration with Leonardo S.p.A. and aimed at developing an engineered space prototype of the POP clock is finally mentioned. Possible issues related to space implementation are also briefly discussed. On the basis of the achieved results, the POP clock represents a promising technology for future GNSSs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/71630
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