With the purpose of revising World Meteorological Organization's Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (WMO/CIMO) Guide #8 on weather stations siting, an experiment to evaluate metrologically the maximum influence of a paved road on 2-m air temperature measurements ("road siting effect") has been designed, installed and run in Italy. It consists of a 100-m long array of seven measurement stations, at increasing distances from a local road, equipped with shielded Pt100 thermometers and ancillary sensors. Data coming from 1 year of observations have been analysed for daily climatological metrics, finding that the road mostly effects minimum temperatures, with average values of similar to 0.30 +/- 0.18 degrees C at a distance of 1 m; then, in order to quantify the instrumental effect on the measurement, data were filtered by applying a generalized additive model, selecting only times when the effect is more intense (during nights, in presence of low winds coming from the road), and the road siting effect has been calculated by modelling the maximum temperature differences by using extreme values analysis. The 1-year return value on 10-min measurements is 1.22 +/- 0.30 degrees C at 1 m from the road, with a gradual decline (similar to 0.1 degrees C center dot m(-1)), while an extrapolation to 100-year return level gives a value of 1.71 +/- 0.79 degrees C with a decline rate of about 0.17 degrees C center dot m(-1). This is a first step towards a redefinition of the weather station classification scheme of WMO/CIMO Guide #8, together with building and tree effects experiments which have been run in parallel with the road siting experiment here presented and which will be presented elsewhere.

Metrological evaluation of the effect of the presence of a road on near‐surface air temperatures / Coppa, Graziano; Quarello, Annarosa; Steeneveld, Gert‐jan; Jandrić, Nebojša; Merlone, Andrea. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0899-8418. - 41:6(2021), pp. 3705-3724. [10.1002/joc.7044]

Metrological evaluation of the effect of the presence of a road on near‐surface air temperatures

Coppa, Graziano
;
Merlone, Andrea
2021

Abstract

With the purpose of revising World Meteorological Organization's Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (WMO/CIMO) Guide #8 on weather stations siting, an experiment to evaluate metrologically the maximum influence of a paved road on 2-m air temperature measurements ("road siting effect") has been designed, installed and run in Italy. It consists of a 100-m long array of seven measurement stations, at increasing distances from a local road, equipped with shielded Pt100 thermometers and ancillary sensors. Data coming from 1 year of observations have been analysed for daily climatological metrics, finding that the road mostly effects minimum temperatures, with average values of similar to 0.30 +/- 0.18 degrees C at a distance of 1 m; then, in order to quantify the instrumental effect on the measurement, data were filtered by applying a generalized additive model, selecting only times when the effect is more intense (during nights, in presence of low winds coming from the road), and the road siting effect has been calculated by modelling the maximum temperature differences by using extreme values analysis. The 1-year return value on 10-min measurements is 1.22 +/- 0.30 degrees C at 1 m from the road, with a gradual decline (similar to 0.1 degrees C center dot m(-1)), while an extrapolation to 100-year return level gives a value of 1.71 +/- 0.79 degrees C with a decline rate of about 0.17 degrees C center dot m(-1). This is a first step towards a redefinition of the weather station classification scheme of WMO/CIMO Guide #8, together with building and tree effects experiments which have been run in parallel with the road siting experiment here presented and which will be presented elsewhere.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/69030
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