One of the challenges of quantum technologies is realizing the quantum advantage, predicted for ideal systems, in real applications, which have to cope with decoherence and inefficiencies. In quantum metrology, sub-shot-noise quantum imaging (SSNQI) and sensing methods can provide genuine quantum enhancement in realistic situations. However, wide-field SSNQI schemes realized so far suffer a trade-off between the resolution and the sensitivity gain over a classical counterpart: small pixels or integrating area are necessary to achieve high imaging resolution, but larger pixels allow a better detection efficiency of quantum correlations, which means a larger quantum advantage. Here, we show how the SSNQI protocol can be optimized to significantly improve the resolution without giving up the quantum advantage in sensitivity. We show a linear resolution improvement (up to a factor 3) with respect to the simple protocol used in previous demonstrations.

Improving resolution-sensitivity trade off in sub-shot noise quantum imaging / Ruo Berchera, I.; Meda, A.; Losero, E.; Avella, A.; Samantaray, N.; Genovese, M.. - In: APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS. - ISSN 0003-6951. - 116:21(2020), p. 214001. [10.1063/5.0009538]

Improving resolution-sensitivity trade off in sub-shot noise quantum imaging

Ruo Berchera, I.
;
Meda, A.;Losero, E.;Avella, A.;Genovese, M.
2020

Abstract

One of the challenges of quantum technologies is realizing the quantum advantage, predicted for ideal systems, in real applications, which have to cope with decoherence and inefficiencies. In quantum metrology, sub-shot-noise quantum imaging (SSNQI) and sensing methods can provide genuine quantum enhancement in realistic situations. However, wide-field SSNQI schemes realized so far suffer a trade-off between the resolution and the sensitivity gain over a classical counterpart: small pixels or integrating area are necessary to achieve high imaging resolution, but larger pixels allow a better detection efficiency of quantum correlations, which means a larger quantum advantage. Here, we show how the SSNQI protocol can be optimized to significantly improve the resolution without giving up the quantum advantage in sensitivity. We show a linear resolution improvement (up to a factor 3) with respect to the simple protocol used in previous demonstrations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/66260
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