Vapor-cell devices based on microwave interrogation provide a stable frequency reference with a compact and robust setup. Further miniaturization must focus on optimizing the physics package, containing the microwave cavity and atomic reservoir. In this paper, we present a compact cavity-cell assembly based on a dielectric-loaded cylindrical resonator. The loaded cavity resonating at 6.83 GHz has an external volume of only 35 cm3 and accommodates a vapor cell with 0.9 cm3 inner volume. The proposed design aims at strongly reducing the core of the atomic clock, maintaining at the same time high-performing short-term stability (sigmay(tau)≤5*10-13 tau-1/2 standard Allan deviation). The proposed structure is characterized in terms of microwave field uniformity and atom-field coupling with the aid of finite-elements calculations. The thermal sensitivity is also analyzed and experimentally characterized. We present preliminary spectroscopy results by integrating the compact cavity within a rubidium clock setup based on the pulsed optically pumping technique. The obtained clock signals are compatible with the targeted performances. The loaded-cavity approach is thus a viable design option for miniaturized microwave clocks.

Loaded microwave cavity for compact vapor-cell clocks / Gozzelino, Michele; Micalizio, Salvatore; Calosso, Claudio E; Godone, Aldo; Lin, Haixiao; Levi, Filippo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL. - ISSN 0885-3010. - 68:3(2021), pp. 872-879. [10.1109/TUFFC.2020.3011604]

Loaded microwave cavity for compact vapor-cell clocks

Gozzelino, Michele;Micalizio, Salvatore;Calosso, Claudio E;Godone, Aldo;Levi, Filippo
2021

Abstract

Vapor-cell devices based on microwave interrogation provide a stable frequency reference with a compact and robust setup. Further miniaturization must focus on optimizing the physics package, containing the microwave cavity and atomic reservoir. In this paper, we present a compact cavity-cell assembly based on a dielectric-loaded cylindrical resonator. The loaded cavity resonating at 6.83 GHz has an external volume of only 35 cm3 and accommodates a vapor cell with 0.9 cm3 inner volume. The proposed design aims at strongly reducing the core of the atomic clock, maintaining at the same time high-performing short-term stability (sigmay(tau)≤5*10-13 tau-1/2 standard Allan deviation). The proposed structure is characterized in terms of microwave field uniformity and atom-field coupling with the aid of finite-elements calculations. The thermal sensitivity is also analyzed and experimentally characterized. We present preliminary spectroscopy results by integrating the compact cavity within a rubidium clock setup based on the pulsed optically pumping technique. The obtained clock signals are compatible with the targeted performances. The loaded-cavity approach is thus a viable design option for miniaturized microwave clocks.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
minipop_preprint.pdf

embargo fino al 24/07/2022

Descrizione: articolo principale accettato per la pubblicazione
Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Non Pubblico - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 3.85 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.85 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/65371
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact