The scales of the white Cyphochilus beetles are endowed with unusual whiteness arising from the exceptional scattering efficiency of their disordered ultrastructure optimized through millions of years of evolution. Here, a simple, one‐step method based on water vapor–induced phase separation is developed to prepare thin polystyrene films with similar microstructure and comparable optical performance. A typical biomimetic 3.5 µm PS film exhibits a diffuse reflectance of 61% at 500 nm wavelength, which translates into a transport mean free path below 1 µm. A complete optical characterization through Monte Carlo simulations reveals how such a scattering performance arises from the scattering coefficient and scattering anisotropy, whose interplay provides insight into the morphological properties of the material. The potential of bright‐white coatings as smart sensors or wearable devices is highlighted using a treated 3.5 µm film as a real‐time sensor for human exhalation.

Biomimetic Polymer Film with Brilliant Brightness Using a One‐Step Water Vapor–Induced Phase Separation Method / Zou, Weizhi; Pattelli, Lorenzo; Guo, Jing; Yang, Shijia; Yang, Meng; Zhao, Ning; Xu, Jian; Wiersma, DIEDERIK SYBOLT. - In: ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS. - ISSN 1616-301X. - 29:23(2019), p. 1808885. [10.1002/adfm.201808885]

Biomimetic Polymer Film with Brilliant Brightness Using a One‐Step Water Vapor–Induced Phase Separation Method

Pattelli, Lorenzo;WIERSMA, DIEDERIK SYBOLT
2019

Abstract

The scales of the white Cyphochilus beetles are endowed with unusual whiteness arising from the exceptional scattering efficiency of their disordered ultrastructure optimized through millions of years of evolution. Here, a simple, one‐step method based on water vapor–induced phase separation is developed to prepare thin polystyrene films with similar microstructure and comparable optical performance. A typical biomimetic 3.5 µm PS film exhibits a diffuse reflectance of 61% at 500 nm wavelength, which translates into a transport mean free path below 1 µm. A complete optical characterization through Monte Carlo simulations reveals how such a scattering performance arises from the scattering coefficient and scattering anisotropy, whose interplay provides insight into the morphological properties of the material. The potential of bright‐white coatings as smart sensors or wearable devices is highlighted using a treated 3.5 µm film as a real‐time sensor for human exhalation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/60965
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