In field-programmable gate array platforms, the main clock is generally a low-cost quartz oscillator whose stability is of the order of 10-9 to 10-10 in the short term and 10-7 to 10-8 in the medium term, with the uncertainty of tens of ppm. Better stability is achieved by feeding an external reference into the internal phase-locked loop (PLL). We report the noise characterization of the internal PLL of Red-Pitaya platform, an open-source embedded system architected around the Zynq 7010 System on Chip, with analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters. Our experiments show that, providing an external 10-MHz reference, the PLL exhibits a residual frequency stability of 1.2×10-12 at 1 s and 1.3×10-15 at 4000 s, Allan deviation in 5-Hz bandwidth. These results help to predict the PLL stability as a function of frequency and power of the external reference, and provide guidelines for the design of precision instrumentation, chiefly intended for time and frequency metrology.

Phase Noise and Frequency Stability of the Red-Pitaya Internal PLL / Cardenas Olaya, Andrea Carolina; Calosso, Claudio Eligio; Friedt, Jean-Michel; Micalizio, Salvatore; Rubiola, Enrico. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL. - ISSN 0885-3010. - 66:2(2019), pp. 412-416-1. [10.1109/TUFFC.2018.2883830]

Phase Noise and Frequency Stability of the Red-Pitaya Internal PLL

Calosso, Claudio Eligio;Micalizio, Salvatore;
2019

Abstract

In field-programmable gate array platforms, the main clock is generally a low-cost quartz oscillator whose stability is of the order of 10-9 to 10-10 in the short term and 10-7 to 10-8 in the medium term, with the uncertainty of tens of ppm. Better stability is achieved by feeding an external reference into the internal phase-locked loop (PLL). We report the noise characterization of the internal PLL of Red-Pitaya platform, an open-source embedded system architected around the Zynq 7010 System on Chip, with analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters. Our experiments show that, providing an external 10-MHz reference, the PLL exhibits a residual frequency stability of 1.2×10-12 at 1 s and 1.3×10-15 at 4000 s, Allan deviation in 5-Hz bandwidth. These results help to predict the PLL stability as a function of frequency and power of the external reference, and provide guidelines for the design of precision instrumentation, chiefly intended for time and frequency metrology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/59847
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