An accurate measurement of saturation vapor pressure of supercooled water is a strong challenge in metrology, mainly due to difficulties concerning keeping water at a liquid state at temperatures well below the melting point; thus few experimental data covering limited temperature ranges (down to about 253 K) are reported in literature. For this reason, an investigation of the water vapor – supercooled water equilibrium along the saturation line is carried out at Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM). Measurements cover the temperature range from 261.26 K to 273.25 K, corresponding to a saturation vapor pressure from about 244 Pa to 611 Pa. The experimental apparatus includes a borosilicate glass sample cell, kept in a liquid bath at a constant temperature with millikelvin stability and connected to a manifold where the pressure is measured using a capacitive diaphragm pressure gauge. In this work, the water sample preparation, the measuring method and measurement corrections are reported; moreover, a comparison between experimental and literature data is conducted along with the most used vapor pressure formulations. Measurement results are discussed and uncertainty sources estimated. The resulting expanded relative uncertainty (k = 2) varies from 0.085% at 261.26 K to 0.039% at 273.25 K.
|Titolo:||Vapor pressure measurements over supercooled water in the temperature range from −10 1 °C to +10 −2 °C|
BELTRAMINO, GIULIO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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|Paper_water vapor measurements over supercooled water_clean.pdf||Post-print||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|