A low frost point generator (INRIM 03) operating at sub-atmospheric pressure has been designed and constructed at the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRiM) as part of a calibration facility for upper-air sounding instruments. This new humidity generator covers the frost point temperature range between -99 °C and -20 °C and works at any controlled pressure between 200 hPa and 1100 hPa, achieving a complete saturation of the carrier gas (nitrogen) in a single passage through a stainless steel isothermal saturator. The generated humid gas contains a water vapour amount fraction between 14bold dot10-9 mol/mol and 5bold dot10-3 mol/mol. In this work the design of the generator is reported together with characterisation and performance evaluation tests. A preliminary validation of the INRIM 03 against one of the INRIM humidity standards in the common region is also included. Basing on experimental test results, an initial uncertainty evaluation of the generated frost-point temperature, Tfp, and water vapour amount fraction, xw, in the limited range down to -75 °C at atmospheric pressure is reported. For the frost-point temperature, the uncertainty budget yields a total expanded uncertainty (k=2) of less than 0.028 °C, while for the mole fraction the budget yields a total expanded uncertainty of less than 10-6 mol/mol.

Development of a low-frost point generator operating at sub-atmospheric pressure / Cuccaro, Rugiada; Rosso, Lucia; Smorgon, Denis; Beltramino, Giulio; Tabandeh, Shahin; Fernicola, V. - In: MEASUREMENT SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0957-0233. - (2018). [10.1088/1361-6501/aaa785]

Development of a low-frost point generator operating at sub-atmospheric pressure

Cuccaro, Rugiada;Rosso, Lucia;Smorgon, Denis;Beltramino, Giulio;Fernicola, V
2018

Abstract

A low frost point generator (INRIM 03) operating at sub-atmospheric pressure has been designed and constructed at the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRiM) as part of a calibration facility for upper-air sounding instruments. This new humidity generator covers the frost point temperature range between -99 °C and -20 °C and works at any controlled pressure between 200 hPa and 1100 hPa, achieving a complete saturation of the carrier gas (nitrogen) in a single passage through a stainless steel isothermal saturator. The generated humid gas contains a water vapour amount fraction between 14bold dot10-9 mol/mol and 5bold dot10-3 mol/mol. In this work the design of the generator is reported together with characterisation and performance evaluation tests. A preliminary validation of the INRIM 03 against one of the INRIM humidity standards in the common region is also included. Basing on experimental test results, an initial uncertainty evaluation of the generated frost-point temperature, Tfp, and water vapour amount fraction, xw, in the limited range down to -75 °C at atmospheric pressure is reported. For the frost-point temperature, the uncertainty budget yields a total expanded uncertainty (k=2) of less than 0.028 °C, while for the mole fraction the budget yields a total expanded uncertainty of less than 10-6 mol/mol.
MEASUREMENT SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/57188
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