In the temperature range from 0.65 K to 24.5561 K, the ITS-90 is defined by specified vapour-pressure equations for 3He and 4He and interpolation equations for a constant-volume gas thermometer using 3He or 4He. The definitions are given in sections 3.1 and 3.2 of the ITS-90 text, and methods for realising the scale in this range are outlined in chapters 4 and 5 of the Guide to the Realization of the ITS-90 (formerly Supplementary Information for the ITS-90). Direct realisations of the ITS-90 by these methods require relatively sophisticated apparatus and time-consuming experiments, and consequently they are rarely carried out. The situation is acceptable in practice only because rhodium-iron resistance thermometers (RIRTs) are available that, once calibrated, are able to maintain their calibrations reliably for long periods of time. They are the practical thermometers on which realisations of the ITS-90 are most accurately maintained, disseminated and compared. The key comparison EURAMET.T-K1 is therefore a comparison of calibrated RIRTs.
|Titolo:||EURAMET key comparison no. EURAMET.T-K1: realisations of the ITS-90 from 2.6 K to 24.5561 K, using rhodium-iron resistance thermometers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|