The self-assembly of asymmetric polystyrene-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PS-b-PMMA) block copolymer based nanoporous thin films over a broad range of molar mass (Mn) between 39 kg·mol(-1) and 205 kg·mol(-1) is obtained by means of a simple thermal treatment. In the case of standard thermal treatments, the self-assembly process of block copolymers is hindered at small Mn by thermodynamic limitations and by a large kinetic barrier at high Mn. We demonstrate that a fine tuning of the annealing parameters, performed by a Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP) machine, permits us to overcome those limitations. Cylindrical features are obtained by varying Mn and properly changing the corresponding annealing temperature, while keeping constant the annealing time (900 s), the film thickness (∼30 nm), and the PS fraction (∼0.7). The morphology, the characteristic dimensions (i.e., the pore diameter d and the pore-to-pore distance L0), and the order parameter (i.e., the lattice correlation length ξ) of the samples are analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering, obtaining values of d ranging between 12 and 30 nm and L0 ranging between 24 and 73 nm. The dependence of L0 as a 0.67 power law of the number of segments places these systems inside the strong segregation limit regime. The experimental results evidence the capability to tailor the self-assembly processes of block copolymers over a wide range of molecular weights by a simple thermal process, fully compatible with the stringent constraints of lithographic applications and industrial manufacturing.

Fine tuning of lithographic masks through thin films of PS-b-PMMA with different molar mass by rapid thermal processing / Ferrarese Lupi, Federico; Giammaria, Tommaso Jacopo; Seguini, Gabriele; Vita, Francesco; Francescangeli, Oriano; Sparnacci, Katia; Antonioli, Diego; Gianotti, Valentina; Laus, Michele; Perego, Michele. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8244. - 6:10(2014), pp. 7180-8-7188. [10.1021/am5003074]

Fine tuning of lithographic masks through thin films of PS-b-PMMA with different molar mass by rapid thermal processing

Ferrarese Lupi, Federico
;
2014

Abstract

The self-assembly of asymmetric polystyrene-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PS-b-PMMA) block copolymer based nanoporous thin films over a broad range of molar mass (Mn) between 39 kg·mol(-1) and 205 kg·mol(-1) is obtained by means of a simple thermal treatment. In the case of standard thermal treatments, the self-assembly process of block copolymers is hindered at small Mn by thermodynamic limitations and by a large kinetic barrier at high Mn. We demonstrate that a fine tuning of the annealing parameters, performed by a Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP) machine, permits us to overcome those limitations. Cylindrical features are obtained by varying Mn and properly changing the corresponding annealing temperature, while keeping constant the annealing time (900 s), the film thickness (∼30 nm), and the PS fraction (∼0.7). The morphology, the characteristic dimensions (i.e., the pore diameter d and the pore-to-pore distance L0), and the order parameter (i.e., the lattice correlation length ξ) of the samples are analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering, obtaining values of d ranging between 12 and 30 nm and L0 ranging between 24 and 73 nm. The dependence of L0 as a 0.67 power law of the number of segments places these systems inside the strong segregation limit regime. The experimental results evidence the capability to tailor the self-assembly processes of block copolymers over a wide range of molecular weights by a simple thermal process, fully compatible with the stringent constraints of lithographic applications and industrial manufacturing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/56947
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