Single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) are the most widespread commercial solution for single-photon counting in quantum key distribution applications. However, the secondary photon emission that arises from the avalanche of charge carriers that occurs during the detection of a photon may be exploited by an eavesdropper to gain information without inducing errors in the transmission key. In this paper, we characterize such backflash light in gated InGaAs/InP SPADs and discuss its spectral and temporal characterization for different detector models and different operating parameters. We qualitatively bound the maximum information leakage due to backflash light and propose solutions for preventing such leakage.

Quantifying backflash radiation to prevent zero-error attacks in quantum key distribution / Meda, Alice; Degiovanni, Ivo Pietro; Tosi, Alberto; Yuan, Zhiliang; Brida, Giorgio; Genovese, Marco. - In: LIGHT, SCIENCE & APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 2047-7538. - 6:6(2017), p. e16261. [10.1038/lsa.2016.261]

Quantifying backflash radiation to prevent zero-error attacks in quantum key distribution

Meda, Alice;Degiovanni, Ivo Pietro;Brida, Giorgio;Genovese, Marco
2017

Abstract

Single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) are the most widespread commercial solution for single-photon counting in quantum key distribution applications. However, the secondary photon emission that arises from the avalanche of charge carriers that occurs during the detection of a photon may be exploited by an eavesdropper to gain information without inducing errors in the transmission key. In this paper, we characterize such backflash light in gated InGaAs/InP SPADs and discuss its spectral and temporal characterization for different detector models and different operating parameters. We qualitatively bound the maximum information leakage due to backflash light and propose solutions for preventing such leakage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/56885
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