This study investigates cancer targeted gold nanoparticles as ultrasound sensitizers for the treatment of cancer.his study investigates cancer targeted gold nanoparticles as ultrasound sensitizers for the treatment of cancer. Methods: The ultrasound sensitizer activity of folate-PEG decorated gold nanoparticles (FA-PEG-GNP) has been studied on human cancer cell lines that overexpress folate receptors (KB and HCT-116) and another that does not (MCF7), at two ultrasound energy densities (8 × 10-6 J cm-2 and 8 × 10-5 J cm-2, for 5 min at 1.866 MHz). Results: FA-PEG-GNP selectively targeted KB and HCT-116 cells and a remarkable reduction in cancer cell growth was observed upon ultrasound exposure, along with significant reactive oxygen species generation and increase in necrotic cells. Conclusion: The combined use of targeting capacity and the ultrasound sensitizing effect, make FA-PEG-GNP promising candidates for the site-specific cancer treatment. © 2016 Future Medicine Ltd.

Enhanced selective sonosensitizing efficacy of ultrasound-based anticancer treatment by targeted gold nanoparticles / Brazzale, Chiara; Canaparo, Roberto; Racca, Luisa; Foglietta, Federica; Durando, Giovanni; Fantozzi, Roberto; Caliceti, Paolo; Salmaso, Stefano; Serpe, Loredana. - In: NANOMEDICINE. - ISSN 1743-5889. - 11:23(2016), pp. 3053-3070-3070. [10.2217/nnm-2016-0293]

Enhanced selective sonosensitizing efficacy of ultrasound-based anticancer treatment by targeted gold nanoparticles

DURANDO, GIOVANNI;
2016

Abstract

This study investigates cancer targeted gold nanoparticles as ultrasound sensitizers for the treatment of cancer.his study investigates cancer targeted gold nanoparticles as ultrasound sensitizers for the treatment of cancer. Methods: The ultrasound sensitizer activity of folate-PEG decorated gold nanoparticles (FA-PEG-GNP) has been studied on human cancer cell lines that overexpress folate receptors (KB and HCT-116) and another that does not (MCF7), at two ultrasound energy densities (8 × 10-6 J cm-2 and 8 × 10-5 J cm-2, for 5 min at 1.866 MHz). Results: FA-PEG-GNP selectively targeted KB and HCT-116 cells and a remarkable reduction in cancer cell growth was observed upon ultrasound exposure, along with significant reactive oxygen species generation and increase in necrotic cells. Conclusion: The combined use of targeting capacity and the ultrasound sensitizing effect, make FA-PEG-GNP promising candidates for the site-specific cancer treatment. © 2016 Future Medicine Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/54592
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