We investigated the entropy change in poly(vinylidene fluoride- trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE)) films in the temperature range between -5°C and 60°C by direct heat flux calorimetry using Peltier cell heat flux sensors. At the electric field E = 50 MVm -1 the isothermal entropy change attains a maximum of | Δ s | = 4.2 Jkg - 1 K - 1 at 31°C with an adiabatic temperature change Δ T a d = 1.1 K. At temperatures below the maximum, in the range from 25°C to -5°C, the entropy change | Δ s | rapidly decreases and the unipolar P vs E relationship becomes hysteretic. This phenomenon is interpreted as the fact that the fluctuations of the polar segments of the polymer chain, responsible for the electrocaloric effect ECE in the polymer, becomes progressively frozen below the relaxor transition.

Direct measurement of the electrocaloric effect in poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) terpolymer films / Basso, Vittorio; Russo, Florence; Gerard, Jean François; Pruvost, Sébastien. - In: APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS. - ISSN 0003-6951. - 103:20(2013), p. 202904. [10.1063/1.4830369]

Direct measurement of the electrocaloric effect in poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) terpolymer films

BASSO, VITTORIO;
2013

Abstract

We investigated the entropy change in poly(vinylidene fluoride- trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE)) films in the temperature range between -5°C and 60°C by direct heat flux calorimetry using Peltier cell heat flux sensors. At the electric field E = 50 MVm -1 the isothermal entropy change attains a maximum of | Δ s | = 4.2 Jkg - 1 K - 1 at 31°C with an adiabatic temperature change Δ T a d = 1.1 K. At temperatures below the maximum, in the range from 25°C to -5°C, the entropy change | Δ s | rapidly decreases and the unipolar P vs E relationship becomes hysteretic. This phenomenon is interpreted as the fact that the fluctuations of the polar segments of the polymer chain, responsible for the electrocaloric effect ECE in the polymer, becomes progressively frozen below the relaxor transition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/51065
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