In solid phase materials, differently from what happens in the fluid phase, elastic waves propagate both through longitudinal and transverse waves. From the speed of propagation of longitudinal and transverse waves, it is possible to evaluate important elastic properties of the solids under study, namely the Young's modulus, the Poisson's coefficient, the bulk modulus and the shear modulus. This work suggests an accurate method for measuring wave propagation speeds in homogeneous and non-homogeneous materials with the purpose to evaluate their mechanical properties and the associated uncertainty. First of all, to assess the performance of the proposed methodology, based on the "pulse-echo" technique, in terms of accuracy and precision, measurements of wave propagation speeds have been carried out, in atmospheric conditions, in well-known homogeneous and isotropic materials, such as copper, aluminum, stainless steel and also polymethyl methacrylate (Plexiglas (R)), Teflon (R) and optical glass BK7. These results were compared with the values reported in literature (if present), showing how published speed of sound data are very disperse and not so reliable owing to the lack of a precise uncertainty evaluation and of the temperature value associated to the measurement. Then, the same experimental apparatus was used for measuring speed of sound as a function of temperature (from 274.15 to 313.15 K) for 304 stainless steel and oxygen free copper, showing a good accuracy of the results also for temperature conditions far from ambient. Finally, the same procedure was applied to a non-homogeneous solid, obtaining some very preliminary results in typical mediterranean building material, as Carrara marble.

Application of acoustic methods for a non-destructive evaluation of the elastic properties of several typologies of materials / Lago, Simona; Brignolo, S; Cuccaro, Rugiada; Musacchio, Chiara; GIULIANO ALBO, PAOLO ALBERTO; Tarizzo, Paolo. - In: APPLIED ACOUSTICS. - ISSN 0003-682X. - 75(2014), pp. 10-16. [10.1016/j.apacoust.2013.07.006]

Application of acoustic methods for a non-destructive evaluation of the elastic properties of several typologies of materials

Lago Simona;Cuccaro Rugiada;Musacchio Chiara;Giuliano Albo Paolo Alberto;
2014

Abstract

In solid phase materials, differently from what happens in the fluid phase, elastic waves propagate both through longitudinal and transverse waves. From the speed of propagation of longitudinal and transverse waves, it is possible to evaluate important elastic properties of the solids under study, namely the Young's modulus, the Poisson's coefficient, the bulk modulus and the shear modulus. This work suggests an accurate method for measuring wave propagation speeds in homogeneous and non-homogeneous materials with the purpose to evaluate their mechanical properties and the associated uncertainty. First of all, to assess the performance of the proposed methodology, based on the "pulse-echo" technique, in terms of accuracy and precision, measurements of wave propagation speeds have been carried out, in atmospheric conditions, in well-known homogeneous and isotropic materials, such as copper, aluminum, stainless steel and also polymethyl methacrylate (Plexiglas (R)), Teflon (R) and optical glass BK7. These results were compared with the values reported in literature (if present), showing how published speed of sound data are very disperse and not so reliable owing to the lack of a precise uncertainty evaluation and of the temperature value associated to the measurement. Then, the same experimental apparatus was used for measuring speed of sound as a function of temperature (from 274.15 to 313.15 K) for 304 stainless steel and oxygen free copper, showing a good accuracy of the results also for temperature conditions far from ambient. Finally, the same procedure was applied to a non-homogeneous solid, obtaining some very preliminary results in typical mediterranean building material, as Carrara marble.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/34722
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