A small volume (65 cm3) gold-plated quasi-spherical microwave resonator has been used to measure the water vapor mole fraction xw of H2O/N2 and H2O/air mixtures. This experimental technique exploits the high precision achievable in the determination of the cavity microwave resonance frequencies and is particularly sensitive to the presence of small concentrations of water vapor as a result of the high polarizability of this substance. The mixtures were prepared using the INRIM standard humidity generator for frost-point temperatures Tfp in the range between 241K and 270K and a commercial two-pressure humidity generator operated at a dew-point temperature between 272K and 291 K. The experimental measurements compare favorably with the calculated molar fractions of the mixture supplied by the humidity generators, showing a normalized error lower than 0.8.

Microwave Determination of Water Mole Fraction in Humid Gas Mixtures / Cuccaro, R; Gavioso, R; Benedetto, G; MADONNA RIPA, D; Fernicola, V; Guianvarc'H, C. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THERMOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0195-928X. - ind.:(2011), pp. 1-10. [10.1007/s10765-011-1007-x]

Microwave Determination of Water Mole Fraction in Humid Gas Mixtures

CUCCARO, R;GAVIOSO, R;MADONNA RIPA, D;FERNICOLA, V;
2011

Abstract

A small volume (65 cm3) gold-plated quasi-spherical microwave resonator has been used to measure the water vapor mole fraction xw of H2O/N2 and H2O/air mixtures. This experimental technique exploits the high precision achievable in the determination of the cavity microwave resonance frequencies and is particularly sensitive to the presence of small concentrations of water vapor as a result of the high polarizability of this substance. The mixtures were prepared using the INRIM standard humidity generator for frost-point temperatures Tfp in the range between 241K and 270K and a commercial two-pressure humidity generator operated at a dew-point temperature between 272K and 291 K. The experimental measurements compare favorably with the calculated molar fractions of the mixture supplied by the humidity generators, showing a normalized error lower than 0.8.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/34509
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