To significantly improve the frequency references used in radio-astronomy and the precision measurements in atomic physics, we provide frequency dissemination through a 642-km coherent optical fiber link. On the frequency transfer, we obtained a frequency instability of 3x10^- 19 at 1,000 s in terms of Allan deviation on a 5-mHz measurement bandwidth, and an accuracy of 5x10^-19. The ultimate link performance has been evaluated by doubling the link to 1,284 km, demonstrating a new characterization technique based on the double round trip on a single fiber. This method is an alternative to previously demonstrated techniques for link characterization. In particular, the use of a single fiber may be beneficial to long hauls realizations in view of a continental fiber network for frequency and time metrology, as it avoids the doubling of the amplifiers, with a subsequent reduction in costs and maintenance. A detailed analysis of the results is presented, regarding the phase noise, the cycle-slips detection and removal and the instability evaluation. The observed noise power spectrum is seldom found in the literature; hence, the expression of the Allan deviation is theoretically derived and the results confirm the expectations.

High-accuracy coherent optical frequency transfer over a doubled 642-km fiber link / D Calonico; E K Bertacco; C E Calosso; C Clivati; G A Costanzo; M Frittelli; A Godone; A Mura; N Poli; D Sutyrin; G Tino; M Zucco; Levi F. - In: APPLIED PHYSICS. B, LASERS AND OPTICS. - ISSN 0946-2171. - 117:3(2014), pp. 979-986. [10.1007/s00340-014-5917-8]

High-accuracy coherent optical frequency transfer over a doubled 642-km fiber link

CALONICO, DAVIDE;CLIVATI, CECILIA;ZUCCO, MASSIMO;LEVI, FILIPPO
2014

Abstract

To significantly improve the frequency references used in radio-astronomy and the precision measurements in atomic physics, we provide frequency dissemination through a 642-km coherent optical fiber link. On the frequency transfer, we obtained a frequency instability of 3x10^- 19 at 1,000 s in terms of Allan deviation on a 5-mHz measurement bandwidth, and an accuracy of 5x10^-19. The ultimate link performance has been evaluated by doubling the link to 1,284 km, demonstrating a new characterization technique based on the double round trip on a single fiber. This method is an alternative to previously demonstrated techniques for link characterization. In particular, the use of a single fiber may be beneficial to long hauls realizations in view of a continental fiber network for frequency and time metrology, as it avoids the doubling of the amplifiers, with a subsequent reduction in costs and maintenance. A detailed analysis of the results is presented, regarding the phase noise, the cycle-slips detection and removal and the instability evaluation. The observed noise power spectrum is seldom found in the literature; hence, the expression of the Allan deviation is theoretically derived and the results confirm the expectations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/33285
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