Airflow resistivity is a physical parameter which characterizes porous and fibrous sound absorbent materials. It is well-known that such property allows the evaluation of the acoustic behaviour of sound absorbent materials in various fields of application, including automotive noise mitigation, architectural acoustics and building acoustics. In structure-borne sound insulation, airflow resistivity is essential for the evaluation of the dynamic stiffness of porous and fibrous resilient insulating materials used as underlay in floating floors. However, an inconsistency between the dynamic stiffness and the airflow resistivity test conditions can be recognized. In order to evaluate dynamic stiffness of a resilient material, a static load of about 2 kPa is applied, while in airflow resistivity determination this condition is not explicitly required. As a result, the density of analyzed material, in dynamic stiffness and airflow measurements, is different. Since these two quantities are correlated, it is necessary to measure materials under the same conditions of applied static load. In this work the effects of static load (or density after compression) in airflow resistivity determination of various porous and fibrous resilient materials are investigated, and the consequent influence on dynamic stiffness is discussed. A simply empirical relation between density and airflow resistivity is also put forth. The main focus of this paper is to propose an harmonization among requirements of the Standards in order to prevent significant errors in dynamic stiffness determination and incorrect evaluations of the acoustic behaviour.

Effect and importance of static-load on airflow resistivity determination and its consequences on dynamic stiffness / SCHIAVI A; GUGLIELMONE C; MIGLIETTA P. - In: APPLIED ACOUSTICS. - ISSN 0003-682X. - 72 (9)(2011), pp. 705-710. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2011.03.009]

Effect and importance of static-load on airflow resistivity determination and its consequences on dynamic stiffness

SCHIAVI, ALESSANDRO;GUGLIELMONE, CLAUDIO LUIGI DOME;
2011

Abstract

Airflow resistivity is a physical parameter which characterizes porous and fibrous sound absorbent materials. It is well-known that such property allows the evaluation of the acoustic behaviour of sound absorbent materials in various fields of application, including automotive noise mitigation, architectural acoustics and building acoustics. In structure-borne sound insulation, airflow resistivity is essential for the evaluation of the dynamic stiffness of porous and fibrous resilient insulating materials used as underlay in floating floors. However, an inconsistency between the dynamic stiffness and the airflow resistivity test conditions can be recognized. In order to evaluate dynamic stiffness of a resilient material, a static load of about 2 kPa is applied, while in airflow resistivity determination this condition is not explicitly required. As a result, the density of analyzed material, in dynamic stiffness and airflow measurements, is different. Since these two quantities are correlated, it is necessary to measure materials under the same conditions of applied static load. In this work the effects of static load (or density after compression) in airflow resistivity determination of various porous and fibrous resilient materials are investigated, and the consequent influence on dynamic stiffness is discussed. A simply empirical relation between density and airflow resistivity is also put forth. The main focus of this paper is to propose an harmonization among requirements of the Standards in order to prevent significant errors in dynamic stiffness determination and incorrect evaluations of the acoustic behaviour.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11696/32963
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